Glossary

Adega – Winery, cellar;
 
Ano – The Portuguese word for year, harvest year;
 
Aguardente vínica – Wine spirit;

Bagaceira – Grape marc spirit. Made from grape skins, pips and other residuals after pressing;

Vinho Branco – White wine;
 
Bruto – Brut, for a sparkling wine; its sugar content is less than 12 g/l;
 
Casta – Grape variety;

Colheita – Portuguese word for harvest year;

Colheita Seleccionada – “Selected Harvest”. Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with outstanding organoleptic characteristics and an alcoholic strength equal to or greater than (in 1% by vol.) the minimum threshold set as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. The use of this designation requires the indication of the harvest year;
 
Colheita tardia – Late harvest. Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine;
 
CVR – Acronym for “Comissão Vitivinícola Regional”, regional wine comission.
 
DOC (Portugal) or DOP (Europe) – Portuguese/European official designation of controlled origin. DOC/DOP wines follow region specific rules for grape varieties used, winemaking techniques used, alcohol content levels, origin within the region, etc;
 
Doce – sweet
 
Engarrafado – Bottled
 
Enólogo – Winemaker.
 
Escolha – Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with outstanding organoleptic characteristics as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. When associated with the harvest year, it can be designated as “Grande Escolha”;
 
Vinho Espumante – Sparkling Wine

Estágio – Ageing in bottle, vat or oak barrel;
 
Garrafa – Bottle;
 
Garrafeira – Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with harvest year and minimum aging: for red wine an aging of at least 30 months, of which at least 12 months in  glass bottle; for white and rose wines an aging of at least 12 months, of which at least 6 months in a glass bottle. It also stands for wine shop or wine cellar in Portuguese;
 
Grande Reserva – Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with highlighted organoleptic characteristics and an alcoholic strength equal to or greater than (in 1% by vol.) the minimum threshold set as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. The use of this designation requires the indication of the harvest year;
 
Herdade – An additional designation for an estate, usually in the south regions of Portugal;
 
IVV – Acronym for “Instituto da Vinha e do Vinho”, Portuguese public vine and wine institute;
Vinho Licoroso – Liqueur wine, fortified wine;

Meio-seco – Medium dry;
 
Monte – An additional designation for an estate, usually used in the Alentejo region;
 
Quinta – Farm, estate, property. Wines designated with “Quinta” may only be made of grapes coming from that specific property;

Região – Region;
 
Reserva – Official designation for DOC/DOP wine and IGP wine with outstanding organoleptic characteristics, and an alcoholic strength equal to or greater than (in 0,5% by vol.) the minimum threshold set as evaluated by the panel of the regional wine commission. The use of this designation requires the indication of the harvest year;

Vinho rosé – Rose wine;
 
Seco – Dry;

Selecção do Enólogo – “Winemaker selection”, unofficial designation for a wine recommended by the winemaker;
 
Sub-região – sub-region;
 
Vinho tinto – Red wine;
 
Vinha – Vineyard;
 
Vinho – The Portuguese word for wine, but also the designation for ex “table wine”, wine not certified by the local wine commission and not following the rules for DOC/DOP or Vinho Regional/IGP wines;
 
Vinho Regional (Portugal) or IGP (Europe) – Portuguese/European official designation of controlled regional wines. As per DOC/DOP wines, these wines are also controlled by the regional wine commission and follow regional specific rules. However, the rules are less restrictive than the ones for DOC/DOP wines, both in terms of grape varieties used and production.

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